Tuesday, 15 June 2010

SQL Server for SharePoint 2010 notes

  • SharePoint Server 2010 needs 64-bit SQL Server 2008 SP 1 CU2 (Cumulative Update) or 64-bit SQL Server 2005 SP3 CU3.
  • Determine you storage requirements
  • SQL is I/O intensive, to improve this get fast disks and use multiple disks & disk controllers.
  • Use a SAN if possible, the physical hardware with multiple disks that are RAID 10 (Stripped & mirrored) preferable with C:\ drive for programs, d:\ for data and e:\ for logs.
  • Don't virtualise SQL Server unless you are a virtualisation expert and can get extremely high IOPS.
  • Search db's can also be broken into their own drive/disks.
  • Build the database with hardware redundancy (NIC, controllers, RAID).
  • Use SQL Server 2008 R2 Enterprise edition if possible.
  • Index's will be about 25% of the size of your database storage.
  • 8 GB is the minimum amount of RAM for a DB in production, 16 GB is more comfortable and for large farms or big site collections 64GB is a good guideline. SQL Enterprise Edition (EE) can support up to 2 Terabytes of RAM.
  • Don't install any other software on the database as you want maximum I/Oa nd the DB server/s should be locked down.
  • SQL guideline is 4 SP2010 server for each SQL machine.
  • Use multiple Data files for Content databases (Distribute data across disks, faster backup and restore). Try keep data files roughly similar in size & usage.
  • Large files can be store in Remote Blob storage (RBS), saves db and can be cheaper on disk space. Cheaper storage can be used to hold large blob data such as cloud storage. Blobs can be stored locally using the files stream using all versions of SQL, for remote storage EE is needed (Not sure what this means).
  • Pre-grow data & log files, faster than doing it on the fly when the system is over utilised.
  • Try keep 25% of db space free for growth in peak times.
  • Monitor SQL Servers including hardware counters.
  • SQL Database Mirroring is greatly improved.
  • Use backup compression on SQL 2008 (2005 not supported) is backup size is an issue. I/O is improved for the backup process.
  • SQL 2008 offers improved clustering.
  • Mirroring or Clustering is a good resilience option.  Review for HA.
  • Use Windows authentication not mixed mode authentication.
  • Use throttling if SQL is under load.
  • Transparent Data Encryption is supported in SQL 2008 EE & SP2010, there are costs but security is much better.
  • Failover clustering is still available is you use Standard or EE of SQL 2008.
  • Clustering and mirroring are good options for High Availability (HA) select appropriately for your network and knowledge.
  • Install SQL Server using a domain account.  The windows service account needs no permissions but is needed for advance SQL features as opposed to using built in accounts or local accounts.
  • I tend to use IP adrs for point to SQL Server, the netbios name also works and can be easier in the event of a SQL Server disaster.  For really good availability use a SQL Alias, it takes more setup time but if you loose your SQL box you will be glad you did it as you can switch over to another SQL box quickly.
  • Mirroring is a good option for HA.  Backups can be performed in various ways ensure you select the appropriate backup strategy. 
  • Max Degree of Parallelism (MAXDOP) should be set to 1. This can be found on the SQL Server instance properties > Advanced > Parallelism > Max Degree of Parallelism. Or run the T-SQL SELECT value FROM sys.configurations WHERE name = 'max degree of parallelism' SP2013 tries to reset MAXDOP during installation. 
  • AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS & AUTO_CREATE_STATISTICS should be disabled in SP2010.  More Info.
  • Use the default SQL Collation (Latin1_General_CI_AS_KS_WS), a good reason why SharePoint farms should have their own SQL Server instance.
  • Full backups should clear down the transaction log, if the transaction log is not cleaned up, perform it manually after you have checked the SQL backup of the db is valid.
  • Incremental backups are cumulative i.e. they go back to the last Fullback up not the last incremental backup.
  • Don't let transaction logs grow continuously, perform full backups periodically followed by taking a transaction log backup that truncates the log to remove/zero unused transactions.
  • SQL 2008 Developer Edition is the equivalent of SQL 2008 Enterprise Edition.
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 is the best option if you can choose.
  • To determine SQL edition in SQL Management Studio run
SELECT SERVERPROPERTY('productversion'), SERVERPROPERTY ('productlevel'), SERVERPROPERTY ('edition')
  • SQL Server 2008 = 10.0.1600.22 needs cumulative update 2 for SP1. Update - 12/10/2010 or SP2
  • SQL Server 2008 SP1  = 10.0.2531.0 needs cumulative update 2 for SP1.
  • SQL Server 2008 SP1 + CU2 = 10.0.2714.0
  • SQL Server 2008 + SP2 = 10.0.4000.0 Update - 12/10/2010
  • SQL Server 2008 R2  =  10.50.1600.1 Update - 12/10/2010
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 SP1 = 10.50.2500.0 Updated - 26/07/2011
I also telnet from each of my SharePoint servers to SLQ Server before I install to ensure networking is working and that SQL Server is available.

SharePoint DB's create:
SPF2010: 1) Configuration database (DB), 2) CA, Content DB's (multiple for site collections, 3) 1 content db stores 1 or more site collections data, Best Practice is to limit content db's to 200GB), 4) Usage and Health Data Collection database (farm health & usage info), 5) Business Data Connectivity database, Application Registry database(BDC in MOSS used for historic reason) & 6) Subscription Settings database.
SPS2010 Std Ed: 1) Secure Store database (stores & masps credentials), 2) State database (State info used by forms server, info path & visio services), 3) Web Analytics Staging database, 4) Web Analytics Reporting database, 5) Search service application Administration database, 6) Search service application Crawl database, 7) Search service application Property database, 8) User Profile service application Profile database, 9) User Profile service application Synchronization database, 10) User Profile service application Social Tagging database, 11) Managed Metadata database, 12) Word Automation Services database
SPS2010 Ent Ed: 1) PerformancePoint service application database, 2) Project Server 2010 databases, 3) Published database, 4) Archive database, 5) Reporting database, 6) ...
More info:
Determine the SQL Server version installed
SQL Version no's
SQL DB info for SP 2010 - db's created
Updated 15 Dec 2010 - Database Maintenance for SharePoint 2010 by Matt Ranlett, Brendon Schwartz
Updated 11 May 2011 - Nice simple article on the SP2010 database's by Bert Jan van der Steeg
Updated 24 May 2011 - SQL Server mirror is either Synconous (hot standby for HA) or Asynconous (for DR).  Mirroring requires Enterprise edition and standard edition support is limited.  Clustering is normally done in the same server room whereas Mirroring is done on a remote site, the distance is dictated by the speed of the connection.
Update 11 Aug 2011 - Set the appropriate recovery model for your SP2010 databases.
Updated 28 May 2012 - SQL Best Practices for SharePoint 2010
Update 13 August 2013 - Best Practices for SQL Server in a SharePoint 2013 Farm - In SP2013 still ensure MAXDOP is set to 1.  Note:  During the SPInstall SQL will make this change if it has permissions to do this.


Anonymous said...

Hi Paul,

Full database backups DO NOT truncate the log. This is a myth that has been propagated throughout the years, starting with SQL Server 2000. What causes this myth is when a log backup runs side-by-side with a full database backup. Since the log backup is shorter than a full backup, the log truncation caused by the log backup is deferred until the full backup finishes. This creates an impression that a full backup is the one causing log truncation.

You can test this out by running DBCC SQLPERF(LOGSPACE) before and after you run a full database backup. You will see that the [Log Space Used (%)] column value does not decrease after a full database backup.

There are only 2 ways to truncate/clear the log. One is a checkpoint process if the database is in simple recovery model. The other one is thru a log backup in full or bulk_logged recovery model

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